Verbal Manifestation of Critical Thought: Transversal Study from Age 10 to 18 in France

Emmanuèle Auriac-Slusarczyk, Gabriela Fiema, Julie Pironom, Karima Belghiti


The article studies the verbal manifestation of critical thought in a school context. Four modes of thought - logical,
creative, responsible, and metacognitive – accompanied by six epistemological perspectives, are studied from 1,730
pupils turns to speak analyzed in eight class groups. The pupils dialog about freedom. Quantitatively and gradually the
collective thought gives the lion's share to the manifestation of logical, followed by creative and then responsible
thought, and very little to that of metacognitive thought. The study reveals a significant developmental effect for
logical and responsible thought – to the advantage of the girls. While each mode of thought evolves following its own
developmental path, the epistemological congruence that emerges between the logical and responsible modes of
thought on the one hand and responsible and creative on the other seems perhaps debatable. The results lead to a
pedagogic proposal which consists in proposing to introduce a cognitive activity of doubt, not spontaneously adopted
by the pupils, to favor the advent of a form of critical thinking more balanced as concerns the modes of thoughts of
which it composed.

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Copyright (c) 2017 World Journal of Education


World Journal of Education
ISSN 1925-0746(Print)  ISSN 1925-0754(Online)

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