The Impact of Delaying Retirement on Chinese Employment and Economic Growth under the Background of Aging

Haiyang Zhang


In accordance with international standards for the aging society division, China has entered the aging society since 2000, and the aging degree is deepened ceaselessly. To actively deal with adverse effects on labor market and economic development which brought by the aging of the population, it is imperative for Chinese government to reform the retirement system. This paper uses employment substitution effect and the employment elastic coefficient to analyze the effects on economic growth and employment of delaying retirement, and predict reasonable retirement age. As a result, through theoretical analysis, delaying retirement won’t cause large scale unemployment, as well as new retirement age should not be over the age of 65, to promote the role of economic growth, otherwise it will stifle economic growth.

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Journal of Business Administration Research (Submission E-mail:

ISSN 1927-9507 (Print)      ISSN 1927-9515  (Online)

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