What is the Best Strategy “Evidence-Based Practice” to Teach Literacy Skills for Students with Multiple Disabilities? A Systematic Review

Nabil Almalki


A systematic of literature was carried out on peer-reviewed journals published from 2000 to 2015 to help indetermining the best strategy of evidence-based practice that can be applied in teaching literacy skills amongstudents with multiple disabilities. A total of 12 studies were reviewed, some of which included science andmathematics skills alongside literacy skills. The articles were evaluated according to the methodological processesused in carrying out the studies. Generally, all the strategies were found to be evidence based practices, which can beused to teach students with multiple disabilities. The systematic instruction and self-directed learning emerged as themost popular peer teaching and technology. Due to lack of enough studies that majored specifically on the studentswho suffered from more than one type of disability, other forms of severe disabilities like autism and intellectualdisability, which are considered under the umbrella of multiple disabilities, were included in the systematic review.Additionally, in the process of defining certain target responses to demonstrate learning, with discrete responsesbeing common, the type of feedback and systematic prompting that was commonly used was time delay, whilestimulus fading was the least used component. One-to-one instruction and massed trials were the most commonlyused formats for teaching. Though this is not a proof that systematic instruction is the best strategy, it is a suggestionthat it is applicable in several situations and preferred by many researchers. Other strategies have also equally givenpositive responses and are thus effective in teaching literacy among students with multiple disabilities.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/wje.v6n6p18

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World Journal of Education
ISSN 1925-0746(Print)  ISSN 1925-0754(Online)

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