Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Justice in Bahraini Workgroups

Minwir Al-Shammari, Elham Hasan Ebrahim


This research aimed at measuring individuals' and workgroups' perceptions of the quality of leader-followerexchange (LMX) and differentiation as well as of organizational justice (OJ) and OC climates. A survey wasdeveloped and used. A purposive non-probability sampling method was followed to collect data from 173 employeesworking in different workgroups that belong to five economic sectors in Bahrain. The individual-level data on LMXand OJ were collected via the survey, were used to examine the relationship between individuals’ perceptions ofLMX and dimensions of OJ. Later, the individual-level data on LMX and OJ dimensions were aggregated to thegroup-level of analysis in order to reflect workgroups’ perceptions. The study found that individuals' andworkgroups' perceptions of OJ were positively related to their perceptions of the level of exchange exerted by aleader toward his/her subordinates.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/mos.v2n1p87


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Management and Organizational Studies  ISSN 2330-5495 (Print)  ISSN 2330-5509 (Online)

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