BMI-1 and survivin expression with clinicopathological correlation and prognostic impact in B and T/NK- cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Nahed Ahmed Soliman, Lamia M Abdalkader, Doaa Shams


Background: The pathogenesis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a complex process that involves several molecular changes. Alterations in polycomb group proteins as well as Survivin have been described but details are still lacking particularly in T/NK-cell lymphomas. Polycomb proteins have a big role in cell cycle and differentiation. Survivin is another recently recognized player in non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Objective: To study the pattern of Bmi-1 and Survivin in different categories of B- and T/NK- cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas, their association with the clinicopathological parameters, and their impact on the prognosis of non-Hodgkin lymphomas.
Material& methods: Immunohistochemical staining was used to study paraffin samples of 267 patients’ biopsies. We used tonsils and reactive lymph node as normal control.
Results: Both Bmi-1 and Survivin showed significant upregulation in several subtypes B- (P = .000-.02 for Bmi-1 and .00- .03 for
Survivin) and T/NK cell lymphomas (P= .009-.03 for Bmi-1 and 0.008- 0.009 for Survivin) compared to normal tissue. Significant
positive correlation between Bmi-1 and Survivin was detected in both B- (Co= 0.539**, P = .00) and T - cell lymphomas (Co= 0.560**, P = .000). A statistically significant difference between overall survival and expression of both BMI-1 and Survivin was detected (P = .00 for BMI-1and survivin).
Conclusion: Bmi-1 and Survivin show significant upregulation as well correlation with clinicopathological parameters and overall survival of non-Hodgkin lymphomas.

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Journal of Solid Tumors

ISSN 1925-4067(Print)   ISSN 1925-4075(Online)

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