Development and psychometric analysis of a strengths perspective-based instrument on clinical instruction in nursing

Al D. Biag


Strengths perspective in social work can be translated into nursing. There are, however, few references of the perspective in the nursing literature. Thus the purpose of this study was to add to the evidence of strengths perspectives as applied in nursing. Specifically it aimed to develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument designed to measure strengths perspectivein clinical instruction. A methodological design guided the study. A purposive of 376 clinical instructors from select colleges of nursing in Central Luzon region in the Philippines accomplished the 39-item 5-level Likert scale. Construct validation revealeda three-factor (fostering reciprocity, initiating applicability, and identifying development areas) solution that accounted 39.43% of the variance. The index of internal consistency was .941. The results of factor analysis and Cronbach’s alpha demonstratedadequate evidence of validity and reliability. The final 34-item instrument, Clinical Instructor’s Strengths Perspective Inventory, can be used as a scale representing self-reported application of the concept in clinical instruction.

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Journal of Nursing Education and Practice

ISSN 1925-4040 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4059 (Online)

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