Demographic and academic characteristics that contribute to burnout occurrence in nursing students-Analytic study

Rodrigo Marques da Silva, Luis Felipe Dias Lopes, Carmem Lúcia Colomé Beck, Eliane da Silva Grazziano, Ana Lucia Siqueira Costa, Victor Cauê Lopes


Objective: Several features, such as workload, irregular practice of sports, and work experiences may contribute to the Burnout However, although different investigations have assessed the associations between demographic and academic characteristics and Burnout across different countries, few studies were conducted in Brazil, especially with nursing students. So, we assessed the association of demographic and academic variables to Burnout occurrence in nursing students.

Methods: This is a quantitative, analytical and cross-sectional study. We applied a Form to demographic and academic characterization and the Maslach Burnout Inventory in 570 nursing students between April 2011 and March 2012. To compare the occurrence of Burnout and of its subscales regarding to sociodemographic and academic variables, we used the Chi-Square test and the Fisher exact test (Tables 2 × 2), p < .05. The Ethics Research Committee at the University approved this project under protocol No. 0380.0.243.000-10.

Results: Burnout occurrence is higher among students enrolled in first semester, who attend 10 disciplines, without thoughts of leaving the course and who has no job activity. The high Emotional Exhaustion and low Professional Efficacy predominate among unemployed students, and who never thought in leaving the course. The high Cynicism predominated among students aged 20-24 years, enrolled in first semester, who does not work and without experience in healthcare.

Conclusions: Few demographic and academic characteristics contribute to Burnout occurrence in nursing students, raising the need of interventions to relieve stress in this population.

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Journal of Nursing Education and Practice

ISSN 1925-4040 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4059 (Online)

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