The predictive value of the Sokal and Hasford scoring systems in chronic myeloid leukaemia in the imatinib era

Anthony A Oyekunle, Patrick O Osho, John C Aneke, Lateef Salawu, Muheez Alani Durosinmi


Objectives: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal myeloproliferative disorder characterized by the presence of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) or BCR-ABL1 chimeric gene; which codes for an abnormal tyrosine kinase responsible for the malignant proliferation of myeloid cells. Imatinib mesylate, a selective inhibitor of this kinase, is the first choice of therapy in patients with CML. The study aimed to determine the effect of imatinib on the survival of different risk groups based on the Sokal and Hasford scoring systems.
Methods: Between August 2003 and December 2009, 134 patients [83 males (62%), 51 females (38%)] who came in first chronic phase (CP1) were recruited. Median age was 36 years (range, 13 - 75). Patients were followed up with monthly complete blood counts. Karyotyping and chemistries were done at 6 and 12 months into therapy and then yearly. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and frequency of complete cytogenetic remission (CCR) were evaluated. Survival studies were analyzed using the Kaplan- Meier technique and P-value < 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: OS was 99% and 94%, while PFS was 95% and 83%, at one and two years respectively. Both the Sokal and Hasford risk groups predicted significantly better PFS for low- and intermediate-risk patients (P = 0.012 and P = 0.0001 respectively). However, neither of the scores was predictive for differences in OS or CCR.
Conclusions: These results suggests that the Sokal and Hasford scoring systems are inadequate in predicting OS and CCR of CML patients in CP1 managed on imatinib, as compared to their usefulness before the imatinib era.

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Journal of Hematological Malignancies
ISSN 1925-4024 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4032 (Online)
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