Estimation of unpredictable hospital demand variations in two Piraeus public hospitals, Greece

Zoe Boutsioli


The scope of this paper is to estimate the unpredictable hospital demand variations in two public general hospitals in Piraeus, Greece. We used daily emergency admissions data between 1/1/2001 to 31/12/2005. To measure unpredictable hospital demand we used both a univariate Autoregressive Moving Average model and a multivariate time series model. In the latter one, four explanatory variables are tested: the weekend effect, the duty effect, the summer holiday effect, and the official holiday effect. The variance of forecasted residuals of each hospital regression for every day provides the estimated unpredictable demand.

The study verifies that daily emergency admissions are characterized by seasonal and weekly variations. In Tzaneio hospital, the unexpected part of emergency admissions increases over the five-year period, while in Nikaias hospital, it reduces. From the univariate analysis, it was found that the unpredictable part of admissions is not the same for the two hospitals and it also varies over the years. The variations of unpredictable hospital demand have increased by about 45% in Tzaneio hospital and have decreased by about 10% in Nikaias hospital. The results from the multivariate analysis show that the variations in unpredictable daily demand in Tzaneio hospital have less than doubled. On the contrary, the variations in unpredictable daily demand in Nikaias hospital have decreased by 20%.

Due to these trends, a general conclusion is that at the beginning of the time period under investigation there are large variations in unpredictable demand between the two hospitals, which become smaller as we move on to 2005.


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Journal of Hospital Administration

ISSN 1927-6990(Print)   ISSN 1927-7008(Online)

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