An Analysis of a First-Year Class on the Self-Efficacy of University Students in Japan

Kimie Shin, Masafumi Nakagami


This study aimed to examine the effect of the first-year class in Japanese universities on developing students’self-efficacy. An analysis of the class design based on the theory of self-efficacy implies that such courses areprimarily intended to develop students’ self-efficacy by putting them through enactive mastery experiences. Inaddition, the courses are designed to use intensive cooperative learning to provide vicarious experiences, which actas a mechanism to trigger a synergy effect on students’ enactive mastery experiences during the course. The courseswere also designed to utilize a social persuasion mechanism to support students engaged in enactive masteryexperiences. Statistical analysis reveals that the students in these first-year courses have improved some aspects ofself-efficacy during the course period, consistent with the course design.

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Copyright (c) 2015 Kimie Shin, Masafumi Nakagami

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Journal of Curriculum and Teaching ISSN 1927-2677 (Print) ISSN 1927-2685 (Online)  Email:

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