The Development and Evaluation of an Online Formative Assessment upon Single-player Game in E-learning Environment

Fu-Hsing Tsai


This study developed a game-based formative assessment, called tic-tac-toe quiz for single-player version (TRIS-Q-SP), in an energy education e-learning system. This assessment game combined tic-tac-toe with online assessment, and revised the rule of tic-tac-toe for stimulating students to use online formative assessment actively. Additionally, to investigate which types of formative feedback were appropriate for use in this game-based formative assessment, immediate elaborated feedback (IEF) and no immediate elaborated feedback (NIEF) mechanisms were designed and incorporated in TRIS-Q-SP. The findings revealed that all participants improved their energy knowledge through the e-learning system, and expressed enjoyment and positive opinions toward the TRIS-Q-SP. However, the various statistical results suggested that providing IEF for each question answered in TRIS-Q-SP was the optimal design. This design facilitated the enhancement of energy knowledge acquisition when comparing it with NIEF condition, and did not affect all participants’ enjoyment perceptions.

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2013 Fu-Hsing Tsai

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Journal of Curriculum and Teaching ISSN 1927-2677 (Print) ISSN 1927-2685 (Online)  Email:

Copyright © Sciedu Press


To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.