Metastatic lesions to the liver: Surgical indications and techniques

Luis Tejedor, Alejandro Serrablo


Background: Although there is an established agreement on the advantage of liver resection for metastatic colorectal and neuroendocrine tumours, the role of hepatic surgery in patients with liver metastases from non-colorectal and non-neuroendocrine carcinoma is not well defined. In recent years, despite the poor results, liver metastases suitable for surgery have been treated with resection. The results reported in recent studies support a developing trend toward surgery in this setting. Also, as there are no data that in fact suggest the utility of alternative treatments for these lesions, the role of surgery is reinforced.

Methods: A systematic search of English and non-English literature using MEDLINE on the outcomes of patients after surgical treatment of liver metastases from different solid tumours was undertaken. A summary of current surgical techniques used to improve their resectability has been added.

Results: All papers reporting median survival and 5-year survival have been selected and presented in tables for most of the primary tumours reviewed.

Conclusions: Apart from patients with colorectal and neuroendocrine tumours, liver resection may offer a significative survival advantage in selected patients, mainly those with metastases coming from breast, gastrointestinal stromal tumours, testis, ovary and kidney.

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Journal of Solid Tumors

ISSN 1925-4067(Print)   ISSN 1925-4075(Online)

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