Prognostic value of VEGFR2 immunoexpression in glioblastoma

Gemma Issus, Sergi Mojal, Joan Gibert, Pilar Navarro, Montserrat Arumi-Uria, Dolores Naranjo-Hans, Beatriz Bellosillo, Maria Martínez-Garcia, Francesc Alameda


Glioblastoma is the most frequent and aggressive primary tumor of the central nervous system. Prognosis is poor, with a median survival of 15 months after diagnosis. Various tumor biomarkers show prognostic value for glioblastomas, including VEGFR2, which is a receptor of VEGF related to the growth of the blood vessel network. VEGFR2 expression associates with poor prognosis in some tumors. Here we studied the prognostic value of the VEGFR2 immunohistochemical expression in glioblastoma. We used tissue microarrays to analyze 45 surgically excised samples from glioblastomas. Clinical data (age, sex, and Karnofsky Performance Status [KPS]) and morphological data (tumor necrosis, palisading, and vascular thrombosis) were collected. We performed a molecular study of MGMT and IDH1 expression (which are potential prognostic factors for glioblastomas) and an immunohistochemical study of VEGFR2 expression. Our results indicate that age, KPS, tumor necrosis, vascular thrombosis, treatment (STUPP versus other), and VEGFR2 immunoreactivity were related to prognosis (p < .005). In a multivariate analysis, only age > 65 years (Hazard Ratio (HR) (95% CI): 4.9 (2.1–11.4), p < .01), and VEGFR2 immunoexpression (HR (95% CI): 2.8 (1.3–6.1), p = .008), were found to have a statistically significant relation to prognosis. We conclude that immunohistochemical evaluation of VEGFR2 provides added prognostic value to the study of glioblastoma.

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Journal of Solid Tumors

ISSN 1925-4067(Print)   ISSN 1925-4075(Online)

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