Utilization of HIV and AIDS mother-to-child transmission prevention and babies’ outcome in Asaba, Nigeria

Prisca O. Adejumo, Elizabeth O. Erhunwuse, Modupe O. Oyetunde


Adoption of HIV Prevention of Mother-to-child Transmission (PMTCT) among women in poor-resource settings is low and little is known about factors associated with babies’ outcome among those adopting it. This retrospective part of a bigger study was to investigate the association between HIV PMTCT utilization and babies’ outcome (Babies’ HIV Status, weight and condition at delivery and after birth) focusing on mother-infant pairs on PMTCT before 2010. Secondary data analysis was employed, followed by descriptive and inferential statistical analyses at p < .05. Results showed that premature rupture of membrane had a significant impact on babies’ outcome. Additionally, 18(13.7%) babies tested positive to HIV as indicated by the PCR result. This percentage was considered high compared with the less than 1% in the U.S While the infection rate is decreasing in Nigeria those already infected need to be included in multiple levels of preventive management. Consideration of these findings is a major boost in evidence-based HIV PMTCT especially in the study setting.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/jnep.v4n2p178

Journal of Nursing Education and Practice

ISSN 1925-4040 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4059 (Online)

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