Communication patterns in coordinated care planning conferences with older patients

Tyra Graaf, Annica Kihlgren, Margareta Ehnfors, Karin Blomberg


Background: When an older patient is discharged from a hospital in Sweden, a care plan in cooperation with the patient should be made through coordinated care planning (COCP). Previous research has described difficulties in the discharge process; consequently, it is important to develop additional knowledge and investigate both whether and how patients are given the opportunity to participate in COCP. The aim of the present study was to determine if older patients are given the opportunity to participate in COCP meetings, and if so, what characterizes these meetings.

Method: This qualitative, descriptive study is based on non-participant observation of interactions between older patients and care staff at six COCP meetings. The data collected were analyzed using directed content analysis and critical discourse analysis (CDA).

Results: The main findings indicate a lack of patient participation in all the COCP meetings held at the hospital. The dialogues in that context were less information intensive, and a professional perspective dominated. The situation in advanced home care (AHC) was the opposite; already from the outset, it was evident that the patient was the chief informant and that the patient’s perspective predominated during the dialogues.

Conclusions: General differences in the way the dialogues were initiated and in how they progressed were observed between the hospital and AHC. Due to both shortage of time in health care today and financial issues, it is important to find solutions that incorporate the older patient’s experiences as well as professional knowledge.

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Journal of Nursing Education and Practice

ISSN 1925-4040 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4059 (Online)

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