A case study of systems analysis to improve service in a multidisciplinary outpatient clinic

Abhijit Basu


Background/objective: Innovative ways of improving service delivery often requires testing new ideas. Systems analysis is a validated tool to investigate adverse incidents. This paper describes an innovative usage of this tool for service improvement and redesign in an out-patient setting involving a multidisciplinary team treating women with diabetes in pregnancy at an outer metropolitan health facility in Australia.

Methods: Systems analysis tool was chosen to determine the probable causes for prolongation of clinic time causing dissatisfaction amongst the service users and the staff. It provided the template for an action plan regarding work and environmental, organizational process, team, individual, task and patient factors. Remedial actions were implemented over a six month period following this analysis. Timely completion of clinic was the chosen indicator of successful implementation.

Results: Several interlinked layers of contributory factors were identified through systems analysis. The large patient load regardless of disease severity was the major contributor. Space restriction for consultation, lesser continuity in the team structure, dated guideline and limited communication between the team members were other factors. Changes implemented included redistribution of patients, adopting new evidence based guidelines, better patient selection accessing the dedicated one-stop clinic and a small change in capacity involving human resources. The service delivery process was restructured in tandem over six months. As a result of these interventions the clinics finished on time generating much greater level of satisfaction among the women attending the clinic and the staff.

Conclusions: Redesigning service is an ongoing quality improvement process linked to user and provider satisfaction. Systems analysis is a tool designed to address adverse incidents and identify contributing factors. This study describes an innovative use of the systems analysis tool to improve outpatient services at a district general hospital.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/jha.v1n1p15


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Journal of Hospital Administration

ISSN 1927-6990(Print)   ISSN 1927-7008(Online)

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