Nursing stress and satisfaction outcomes resulting from implementing a team nursing model of care in a rural setting

Linda Deravin, Karen Francis, Sharon Nielsen, Judith Anderson


Objective: With increasing demands to provide a cost efficient nursing service, changes to nursing skill mix are being implemented globally. Team nursing as a model of care is seen as a way to address both patient care and safety issues. The aim of this study was to explore job satisfaction (JS) and stress outcomes of nursing staff when introducing team nursing as model of care within the Australian healthcare environment.
Methods: An experimental study was utilised. Nursing staff (n = 63) were surveyed, using the Person Centred Nursing Index (PCNI) tool, prior to the implementation of a team nursing model of care and then again six months post implementation of the model (n = 64). Data was analysed to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in the average theme between pre and post surveys.
Results: Nursing stress (NS) was reduced and JS was increased post implementation of the new model of care. JS and organisational traits, JS and work stress (WS), were positively related and increased post implementation. WS and nursing care (NC), organisational traits and NC were positively related but showed no statistically significant change after the implementation. This study demonstrated that in introducing a new model of care, levels of stress staff increased yet unexpectedly JS also improved.
Conclusions: Decisions to adopt team nursing as the model of care should be based on a broad range of considerations not simply on fiscal considerations and should include staff readiness, staff mix and supportive measures to introduce a changed model of care.

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Journal of Hospital Administration

ISSN 1927-6990(Print)   ISSN 1927-7008(Online)

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