Applying learning algorithms to extract anxiety levels using the heart rate variability measure

Marcio Magini, Izabela Mocaiber, Kassio Calembo, Maira Regina Rodrigues, Welton Luiz de Oliveira Barbosa, Walter Machado-Pinheiro


The classification problems in biological measures have been studied since mathematical methods and statistical tools werecreated to determine difference between two distinct samples. In this paper we present a mathematical methodology capableof differing 29 non-clinical volunteers with distinct degrees of trait anxiety (high or low) according to the State and TraitAnxiety Inventory (STAI-T) using an electrocardiogram (ECG) data as starting point. Specifically, the wavelet transforms andits statistical measures were used to extract simple patterns from the resting ECG and classify the group as low or high traitanxiety. The Daubechies, Haar and Symlet mother function were used to filter the original ECG data. Then, by means ofthe Weka Learning Algorithm and using only 5 attributes (Pearson Coefficient from Haar and Symlet, Median from Haar andMode of Haar and Daubechies) we achieved a higher level of reliability, 96.90% (p < .05), with low training percentages. Theresults showed the efficiency of this methodology to classify volunteers according to their anxiety levels through an ECG datacollection.

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Journal of Biomedical Graphics and Computing    ISSN 1925-4008 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4016 (Online)

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