Weightbearing CBCT, MDCT, and 2D imaging dosimetry of the foot and ankle

John B. Ludlow, Marija Ivanovic


Aims: This study compares effective doses associated with 2D lateral, oblique, and AP radiographs with 3D MDCT and Cone Beam CT images of the foot and ankle.

Methods: An anthropomorphic phantom of the foot and ankle was constructed from an adult human skeleton and soft tissue equivalent material. Optical stimulated dosimeters were placed at 21 locations within and on tissues and anatomy of interest. Effective dose was calculated following 2007 ICRP recommendations. Three projections were exposed to simulate conventional 2D imaging. Standard and optimized dose MDCT scans were exposed to simulate typical CT options. Ten, 20, and 30cm fields of view, 100 and 120kVp and 4.5 and 6.8mAs exposures were tested using a PedCAT® CBCT device designed for weightbearing imaging. Dose was calculated for an adult as well as for a 5 and 10-year-old child to assess the impact of age on risk estimation.

Results: Standard adult effective doses for single foot imaging were 0.6µSv for 2D, 3.8µSv for CBCT, and 25µSv for MDCT (p = 0.0013). Dose differed significantly with age (p = 0.0185). For a 5-year-old, doses rise to 0.8µSv for 2D, 18µSv for CBCT, and 200µSv for MDCT. Small and medium CBCT fields produced adult doses of 2.3 mSv and 0.9 mSv respectively.

Conclusions: The effective dose for small FOV CBCT or conventional 2D series examinations is comparable to a few hours of equivalent background dose. Such doses are negligible; therefore, the dose of radiation should not be a concern when considering the use of CBCT imaging for foot/ankle examination.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/ijdi.v1n2p1


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International Journal of Diagnostic Imaging

ISSN 2331-5857 (Print)  ISSN 2331-5865 (Online)

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