Spiritual Intelligence and Its Practical Importance – Insights from Islam

Sanja Pecelj, Zulaikah AlBusaidi, Rayan Esmaail, Cam Caldwell


Spiritual Intelligence as the guiding influence that interacts with Physical, Mental, and Emotional Intelligences hss increasingly been recognized as the factor that enables leaders and organizations to unlock the potential of employees and enrich organizations by enabling employees to find their voice. In this paper we explain the nature of the four intelligences and briefly summarize how Muslims view each of them. We include eight testable propositions related to the four intelligences and identify the contribution of this paper to the scholarly literature.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/bmr.v13n1p28


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Business and Management Research
ISSN 1927-6001 (Print)   ISSN 1927-601X (Online)

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