The Relationship of Human Resource Practices (HRP) Constructs With Turnover Intention Among Employees in Sarawak, Malaysia

Mark Kasa, Choi-Meng Leong, Joseph Pudun, Sheena Poh, Nursyafiqah Ramli


Competition within the service industry is getting more intense due to privatisation and rising number of business entities creating toward competitiveness in the market. The banking sector is known as one of the service industries with a high rate of turnover in Malaysia. Some of the reason employees choose to leave an organisation are such as arduous and strenuous job environment as well as demanding workloads. When more and more employees leave the organization, it will cause unfavourable impacts on a bank’s performance and productivity. Previous literatures have revealed the relatedness of human resource practices (HRP) with turnover intention (TI). 283 questionnaires have been distributed to bank employees in Kuching, Malaysia. The collected data was analysed in the aspects of correlation and regression where the results show that HRP are negatively related to employee’s turnover intention. Results from the research demonstrated the importance for bank employers to further enhance its existing HRP to minimize employees' turnover intentions. Furthermore, implications as well as recommendation for future study are also provided by this research. This study extends the knowledge of the effectiveness of human resource practices by incorporating the various effects of human resources practices on turnover intention from the employee perspective. This study also recommended few strategies for enhancement of present HRP to lower bank employees’ intention to quit the job.

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Research in World Economy
ISSN 1923-3981(Print)ISSN 1923-399X(Online)


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