The Effects of Human Capital by Gender on Economic Growth

Mohd Shahidan Shaari, Razinda Tasnim Abdul Rahim, Nor Hidayah Harun, Faiz Masnan


The issue of human capital by gender has been sparsely discussed in previous literature especially male labour force. The contribution of both genders to economic growth has intensified every year. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the effects of human capital by gender on economic growth in Malaysia. Data ranging from 1982 to 2018 were analysed by using the ARDL approach. The results show that higher male labour force participation rates can boost economic growth in the short run and long run in Malaysia. Higher female labour force participation rates, on the other hand, can reduce economic growth in the short run and long run in Malaysia. Therefore, the government should encourage more male labour to participate in the labour market by giving incentives. More job opportunities should be created for both genders.

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Research in World Economy
ISSN 1923-3981(Print)ISSN 1923-399X(Online)


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