Role of oxidatively-induced DNA damage and inflammation in radiation long term effects and carcinogenesis

Alexandros G. Georgakilas

Abstract


Ionizing radiation is undoubtedly the most frequently used means of cancer treatment especially solid tumors like breast, prostate etc. Significant evidence suggests that long-term effects of radiation in patients who have undergone even successful treatment include high oxidative stress and inflammation in their blood and various tissues and the underestimation of the so called “non-targeted” effects. This chronic stress can lead in some cases to malignant transformation (secondary primary cancers) after radiation treatment of primary tumors several years after the initial irradiation. This mini-review discusses the evidence for the role(s) of oxidative DNA damage and inflammation as one of the primary contributing factors in chronic tissue injury and secondary carcinogenesis. Several important questions arise like for example if based on this idea we can develop in vivo reliable predictive biomarkers for radiation-induced chronic injury and pinpointing carcinogenesis precursor sites after radiotherapy treatment even years after the patient exposure.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5430/jst.v3n6p1

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Journal of Solid Tumors

ISSN 1925-4067(Print)   ISSN 1925-4075(Online)

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