The role of disparity-mutagenesis model on tumor development with special reference to increased mutation rate

Mitsuru Furusawa

Abstract


Human solid tumors are believed to have very high mutation rates at least in the early stage of extension. Irrespective ofwhether the increased mutation rate is a necessary condition for the tumor development or not, extremely high mutationrates such as in excess of the so-called “threshold” would before long result in the natural death of tumor cells. In reality,however, we are dying by cancer. Thus, it has been hypothesized that tumor cells should make a quick transition from thehigher mutation state to the lower one. According to our “disparity-mutagenesis model”, however, carcinogenesis couldcontinue without any incident even under a prolonged period of high mutation rates. Namely, if lagging-strand-biasedmutations far beyond the threshold of mutation rate are introduced in tumor cells, the tumor could progress to malignantextension without extinction. The results of evolution experiments using mutator microorganisms are discussed in terms ofcarcinogenesis.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5430/jst.v3n4p22

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Journal of Solid Tumors

ISSN 1925-4067(Print)   ISSN 1925-4075(Online)

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