A qualitative evaluation of a new community living model: medical foster home placement

Cari R. Levy, Jacqueline Jones, Leah M. Haverhals, Carolyn T. Nowels

Abstract


Background: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Foster Home (MFH) program is an alternative to nursing home (NH) placement for veterans who are NH-eligible but prefer to receive care in private homes. Program expansion is ongoing; however, inefficiencies exist in targeting Veterans for enrollment.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 35 individuals, 9 national MFH coordinators, 14 Primary Care Team Members, 2 veterans living in MFHs, 4 of their family members, 3 caregivers, and 3 family members of veterans who declined to participate in the program. Transcripts were analyzed using a general inductive approach supported by Archive for Technology, Lifeworld and Everyday language, text interpretation (ATLAS ti) V6.2.

Results: Three themes were identified as key facilitators of successful MFH placement: 1) The Environment – veterans needed to have appropriate and comfortable physical space that ensured safety and was in a desirable geographic location; 2) The Match – a collaborative relationship between veterans, care providers, and the medical team providing care within the home was essential; and 3) Perceptions and Expectations about the ability for needs to be met in MFHs and challenges related to health concerns, relocation, and costs. These themes, when integrated into the Social Ecological Model, provide a theoretical framework from which to guide future research and understand policy implications.

Conclusions: MFHs represent a novel alternative to NH placement. This evaluation provides an understanding of factors that lead to successful MFH placement and integrates these themes into a theoretical framework designed to assist both VA policymakers interested in expanding the program and those within the civilian community seeking to study alternatives to traditional NH care.

 


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5430/jnep.v4n1p162

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Journal of Nursing Education and Practice

ISSN 1925-4040 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4059 (Online)

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