Generational differences in nurses’ characteristics, job satisfaction, quality of work life, and psychological empowerment

Amy Sparks Coburn, Samantha J. Hall

Abstract


Objective: Currently, there are four generations in the nursing workforce. Each generation holds a different set of values that create challenges for managing a multi-generational workforce; these values affect nurses’ perceptions of quality of work life (QWL), psychological empowerment (PE), and job satisfaction (JS). The aims of this study are to (1) identify differences in the characteristics of Baby Boomer, Generation X, and Millennial nurses, (2) identify differences in the QWL between Baby Boomer, Generation X, and Millennial nurses, (3) identify differences in JS between Baby Boomer, Generation X, and Millennial nurses, and (4) identify differences in PE between Baby Boomer, Generation X, and Millennial nurses.

Methods: This descriptive, comparative design was conducted via a web-based survey among 223 registered nurses in the USA. Data was collected using Survey Monkey.

Results: Baby Boomers had significantly more years of experience, higher levels of both PE and JS as compared to Generation X and Millennial nurses.

Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate the prominence of RNs’ sociological value systems on their perceptions of their workplace. Based on these findings, nurse managers can work to create an environment that is supportive of multiple generations; an environment that enhances PE and, in turn, JS.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5430/jha.v3n5p124

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Journal of Hospital Administration

ISSN 1927-6990(Print)   ISSN 1927-7008(Online)

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