Impact of Personal Epistemology, Heuristics and Personal Attributes on Investment Decisions

Sunitha Kumaran

Abstract


Investors who choose to invest or divest their funds abruptly contribute to the instability of the stock market. In such a volatile market when one investor chooses to invest in companies in spite of unstable prices, others decide not to invest. What individual indifference factors might predict opposing investment decisions such as these? Finance Literature proves that heuristics are significantly related to risky decision making and but there have been no studies to explore whether locus of control plays a role in behavioral finance. The present study has been undertaken to investigate whether locus of control predicts hot-come effect and its converse gambler’s fallacy, when making personal investment decisions. The study has also analyzed investment experience as a possible determinant of hot-outcome or gambler’s fallacy heuristics. The collective effect of an individual’s locus of control and investment experience on investment decisions has been predicted using structural equation modeling. The present study has been done in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia where 144 investors with prior investment experience and 124 new investors completed the Rotter’s (1954) LOC and the adopted version of an Investment Survey Questionnaire. Results suggest that hot-outcome heuristic, trend length, trend valence and prior investment experience are factors that influence personal financial decision making. Results affirm that novice investors tend to utilize the hot-outcome heuristic regardless of the reference groups, while experienced investors from both reference groups apply gambler’s fallacy heuristics to decide on investments.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5430/ijfr.v4n3p62

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

International Journal of Financial Research
ISSN 1923-4023(Print) ISSN 1923-4031(Online)

 

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