Esophageal atresia and hypertrofic pyloric stenosis: An association to consider

María Elena Carazo Palacios, Jorge Cortes Sanz, Anna Betlem Domènech Tàrrega, Carlos Gutiérrez San Roman, Juan José Vila Carbó


Esophageal atresia (EA) with distal tracheosophageal fistula (TEF) develops hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) during the late postoperative period with a described prevalence of 1%-10%.The aim of this retrospective study is to show our experience in this association and to report two specific cases. Of 61 patients with EA treated in our institution, 2 developed HPS. Both cases underwent a Ramstedt extramucosal pyloromyotomy. Currently, patients are asymptomatic.

Our frequency (3.3%) is similar to other publications, about 1%-10%. It is important to be aware of this association in a patient with a history of EA and recurrent vomiting in the late postoperative period. The etiology of this association should be investigated.


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Case Reports in Internal Medicine

ISSN 2332-7243(Print)  ISSN 2332-7251(Online)

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