Macro and Micro-Economic Policies in Financial Crises: Argentina 2000 and South Korea 1998

Frederick Betz

Abstract


Modern nations depend upon foreign investment to fund industrial developments in the nation and to fund government infrastructure developments. Governments use foreign investment to principally fund government services, when the tax base of the country has been insufficient to balance the government budget. But deficits can continue to grow, year after year. When the annual government budget deficit becomes a significant portion of the annual revenue of an economy (GNP), then foreign investors lose confidence in a government’s capability of continuing to finance its deficits. Investors stop buying government securities. The national currency exchange rate plunges. Local banks in a nation become insolvent. Bank runs occur as savers withdraw deposits from banks. Credit stops in a national economy, and businesses are unable to finance day-to-day production and pay wages. The economy plunges into a depression. Masses of people are unemployed. Property is lost. Families starve. Governments fall. The society descends into chaos. This occurred in the Asian Financial Crises, beginning in Thailand and spreading to other countries, including South Korea in 1997 and Argentina in 1999. Reviewing these cases, one can see that international financial institutions had neither correct economic models nor effective policies nor proper regulatory power -- to ensure that a global financial system was sound and also beneficial to economic growth in the nations of the world. And from this, one can see that IMF policies should have been instead focused not just on ‘macro-economics’ but also on the ‘micro-economics’ of each nation.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5430/bmr.v2n4p41

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Business and Management Research
ISSN 1927-6001 (Print)   ISSN 1927-601X (Online)

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